Understanding the scientific method and how to follow it very important to establish a good reputation in the technical community. In terms of science exhibitions, as students’ progress in grade level judge will demand more and more focus on using the scientific method.
Here are my seven-step description of the scientific method.
1. Define the question 2. Gather information and resources 3. Form hypothesis 4. Perform experiment and collect data 5. Analyze the data 6. Interpret data and draw conclusions that serve as a starting point for new hypotheses 7. Publish results
In science fair competition, if you can show that you follow the scientific method, you are well on your way to impress the judges.
Basically, start by defining your questions and topics. After that, forming a hypothesis and conduct your experiment. Step 6 is where you use the data to create new hypotheses or theories about your science topics. If you want, you can take a new hypothesis that you just developed and start again from step 3, then move your way back to 6. Following this cycle as many times as you want. The more information you focused and better experiments.
You want an example to clarify how to use the scientific method?
Imagine you are doing your project on the "hot water" and we will follow the steps of the scientific method.
1. Define your question.
How about something silly, like "Will boiling water burn your hands?"
2. Find a lot of information about water and learn all you can about it.
3. Now formed a hypothesis based on your research. Our hypothesis is that "people who will not suffer any burns due to contact with boiling water." Hopefully you are smart enough to know this is not true, but let's pretend we are not just for the sake of example.
4. Now we do our experiments. In real life, we know we will burn ourselves with boiling water, and we must never touch it! But, suppose move has no idea. They run a test to see if contact with boiling water to burn someone. BAD IDEA!
5. Now look at your data. Maybe everyone in experimental burn their skin during the test. Looks like boiling water burns! DUH!
6. Interpret the data. Hmm ... our hypothesis is completely wrong. Our experiments show that boiling water can cause burns.
7. Publish your results. I certainly hope you never make a project like this, but here is your chance to show the world what happens when you touch the boiling water!
Keep in mind, do not change your hypothesis because the final data you do not agree with it. You do not get more credit for having a correct hypothesis. You get credit for following the scientific method and came to the correct conclusion based on your data.
Do not forget to include the possible reasons for experimental error.
If you follow these steps your project or experiment will make sense to anyone who views it and you have a good chance to succeed!